Berrien Clark Eaton

Berrien Clark Eaton
Berrien Eaton
Birth: Aug. 3, 1893 Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan, USA
Death: Aug 13, 1978.
editor’s note: Although it’s not stated in this biography, Mr. Eaton followed in the footsteps of his ancestors as a vestryman at St. Paul’s.  He was instrumental in the installation of the flagpole standing on Woodward Avenue and for many years he organized the Canadian American Friendship Service and the Veteran’s Day Service.  Sadly he was killed in an automobile accident while driving home from church one day.

BERRIEN CLARK EATON, president of the Eaton Clark Company, manufacturers and importers of chemicals and dyestuffs and the most important concern of its kind in the state, is a representative of the third generation of the family to be at the head of this old and well known establishment, and occupies the same office where his grandfather and father preceded him, since 1849. Mr. Eaton was born in Detroit, August 3, 1893, a son of Theodore Horatio, (Jr.), and Eliza Walton (Clark) Eaton and grandson of Theodore H. Eaton who, in 1838, founded the business which was known until 1911 as Theo. H. Eaton & Son. Theodore Horatio Eaton was born in Schenectady, New York, January 16, 1842, and was just four months old when the family home was established in Detroit in May of that year. He died November 6, 1910. His children were: Theodore Horatio, Jr., who died in infancy; Margaret Montgomery, who was married April 17, 1920, to John Weeden Grout of New York city; and Berrien C., of this review.

Berrien C. Eaton attended the Detroit University School for three years, having remained a student there until 1905, after which he entered St. George’s School at Newport, Rhode Island, where he continued his studies for three years. In 1908 he entered the Lawrenceville School at Lawrenceville, New Jersey, from which he was graduated in 1911, and in the fall of that year he entered Williams College as a member of the class of 1915. With his return home Mr. Eaton became city salesman for the Eaton-Clark Company and in 1919 became purchasing agent, in which capacity he still serves. Mr. Eaton succeeded his cousin, Rufus W. Clark, now of Pasadena, California, to the presidency on February 12, 1920, and also, at the same time, was elected president of the Rainbow Color & Chemical Company, wholesalers of acids, the latter concern having been established in 1899. Mr. Eaton also acts as trustee of the estate of Theodore H. Eaton, and is president of the Eaton Land Company.On the 15th of August, 1917, Mr. Eaton was married to Miss Gladys Hambleton of Chicago, daughter of Earl Lander and Eleanor (Fargo) Hambleton, the former now deceased, while the latter is yet a resident of Chicago. Mr. and Mrs. Eaton have one son, Berrien Clark, Jr., born February 12, 1919, in Chicago. Their new home is on Bishop Road, in the village of Grosse Pointe Park, and their summer home is at Kingsville, Ontario.

In his political views Mr. Eaton is a republican and his religious faith is that of the Episcopal church. He belongs to the Detroit Club, Detroit Automobile Club, Detroit Symphony Society, University Club, the Williams Club of New York city, the Chemists’ Club of New York eity, and the Society of Colonial Wars in the State of Michigan, in which latter organization he is now serving his second term as a gentleman of the council. He is also a member of the Sons of the American Revolution, the Detroit Board of Commerce, the Williams Alumni Association of Michigan, the Lawrenceville Alumni Association of Michigan and the Kappa Alpha Society. He was a charter member and secretary of the Detroit Polo Club, which introduced polo to this city in the fall of 1916 and which passed out of existence in 1917 with the adoption of polo by the Country Club. Mr. Eaton is one of the foremost figures in this line of sport in Detroit and gives this as his chief source of recreation.

When the United States entered the World war Mr. Eaton entered the first officers’ training camp at Fort Sheridan on the 11th of May, 1917, and there remained until the 15th of August, winning a commission as second lieutenant of the Field Artillery Reserve Corps. He was at once assigned to the Three Hundred and Thirtieth Field Artillery of the Eightyfifth Division, at Camp Custer, and was with Battery A of that regiment until April 16, 1918, when he transferred to the Headquarters Cavalry Troop of the Eighty-fifth Division, with which he sailed for France on the 22d of July, 1918. On the 19th of September he was commissioned first lieutenant and continued to serve with the same organization until February 10, 1919. This division took part in the operations of the Second army against the Germans between the Meuse and Moselle rivers, November 9-11, having been a part of the Meuse-Argonne campaign which terminated with the armistice. Mr. Eaton returned to the United States on February 24, 1919, and received his honorable discharge at Camp Dix, New Jersey, two days later.

The City of Detroit, Michigan, 1701-1922, Vol. 3, edited by Clarence Monroe Burton, William Stocking, Gordon K. Miller, The S.J. Clarke Publishing Co, Detroit-Chicago, 1922, pp 196-197

Inscription:

BERRIEN EATON
August 3, 1893
August 13,1978

Burial:
Elmwood Cemetery
Detroit
Wayne County
Michigan, USA
Plot: Section I

Theodore Horatio Eaton Jr.

Theodore Horatio Eaton Jr.

Theodore Horatio Eaton Jr.
Born: Jan. 16, 1842 Skaneateles, Onondaga County, New York, USA
Death: Nov. 6, 1910, Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan, USA

Biography:

THEODORE HORATIO EATON (Junior) of Detroit, the son of Theodore H. Eaton, whose biography appears elsewhere in the work, and Anne Eliza Gibbs, was born in Skaneateles, New York, January 16, 1842, in the home where his mother spent her childhood, and where his parents were married in 1839 and lived until May, 1842. He died in Detroit on November 6, 1910, following a short illness.He was taken to Detroit when four months old, and his father’s large residence on Jefferson avenue, near Russell street, was completed in 1852 when he was ten years old. This remained his home until his death fifty-eight years later, and was occupied by his widow and children for only a few years afterward. It is still owned by his family and occupied in the capacity of a hospital.

Mr. Eaton was educated at the school of the Rev. M. H. Hunter, on Grosse Ile during the earliest days of his boyhood, with others who have since gained considerable prestige in the city and in later years were known as the “Hunter Boys.” Mr. Eaton was president of this alumni society 1885-1890. He also was a student at Burlington College, New Jersey. Another one of the schools he attended 1858-59 was the French Institute of Monsieur (the Professor) Elie Charlier, located then at 48 East Twenty-fourth street, New York city, and thereafter he went abroad for study and business training before entering his father’s chemical business in the year 1859. Instead of electing to attend a university he visited the dye and chemical institutions of England, Switzerland and Germany, which was the basis of his knowledge of those trades in later years, making in all four trips abroad. In 1866 he was admitted to the partnership known as Theo. H. Eaton & Son, then located at the corner of Woodward avenue and Atwater street, which remained his office to the time of his death. He received an excellent business training under his father who was one of the most prominent business men of the city. Later it was necessary for him to give more and more time to his personal affairs and Mr. Benjamin F. Geiger acted as his manager in the chemical business. At Mr. Geiger ‘s death in 1905, Mr. Eaton’s nephew, Rufus W. Clark, Jr., took his place and developed the business until and after Mr. Eaton’s death in 1910 when it became known as Eaton-Clark Company. In 1920 Mr. Clark was succeeded as president of the company by Mr. Eaton’s son, about whom an article appears elsewhere in this work.

Mr. Eaton was married in 1880 at Augusta, Georgia, to Miss Louise Casey, to whom a son, Louis, was born. He died in infancy, September 21, 1882, and his mother died September 15, 1882. At this time Mr. Eaton was a vestryman of St. Paul’s church, of which his father was senior warden, and in 1888, at his father’s death, he succeeded him and remained senior warden for twenty-two years, until he died. In 1895 he built, in memory of his mother, the new St. Paul’s Chapel at the corner of Woodward and Hancock, which was opened by Bishop. Davies on February 6, 1896. The building was so located that space was left for the erection of a cathedral adjacent which was planned at that time, and completed just a few months after Mr. Eaton’s death. During the construction of the cathedral Mr. Eaton drove up to supervise it regularly every morning before going to his office. He broke ground for it, he attended the laying of the cornerstone, but did not live to see its ultimate completion. A few months before his death Mr. Eaton ordered a beautiful carved reredos, dean’s chair, and altar railing to be erected in memory of his father, former senior warden of the church. These memorials now stand and above them a magnificent stained window in memory of Mr. Eaton of this review given by his widow and children. This same window was earlier selected by Mr. Eaton himself with a view to putting it in later on.

Bishop Charles D. Williams delivered a memorial address in the cathedral on Sunday, April 19, 1911, of which an extract shows better than the editor could review Mr. Eaton’s life and interest: “He was in a large manner public-spirited; interested in all the best things that concerned the public welfare; generous and benevolent in his gifts everywhere and always, but the first and foremost of his public narrative was his devotion and loyalty to his church—St. Paul’s cathedral was the dream of his heart—but, by one of those strange dispensations of Providence, it was not to be, that he should see the completion of his cherished plans. It stands here largely as a memorial, not only of his benevolence, but of his thought and of his care.” An appropriate sermon in memory of Mr. Eaton was also delivered on this occasion by the Rev. Samuel S. Marquis, D. D., then dean of the cathedral.

The vestry of St. Paul’s adopted the following tribute to Mr. Eaton’s memory: “His simple and unostentatious manner of living in an era of luxury and display, upright and patriotic as a citizen and deeply concerned in the welfare of his country, state, and community, cultivated, refined, and courteous in his social intercourse with his fellows, pure, affectionate, and exemplary in his life, loyal and devoted to his church—the type of the true Christian gentleman.”

He was yearly elected as delegate to the church conventions, in which he took deep interest. Next to his family and his church, his greatest affection and interest was in the Society of the Colonial Wars, in the State of Michigan, of which he was a charter member in November, 1897, then elected its first deputy governor, which office he held until May 7, 1900, when he was elected governor of the Society. This office he held for a period of three years, and again in 1908-1909. He was a delegate to nearly all the sessions of the general assembly and whether in office or not, he was constantly solicitous for the welfare of the Society (Extract from Resolution of the Michigan Society, following his death). Coming from a long line of New England ancestors Mr. Eaton naturally affiliated with many of the patriotic and hereditary societies. He was a member of the Huguenot Society of America, the sons of the American Revolution, Colonial Governors, The New England Society, Detroit Board of Commerce, The Detroit Club, Country Club, and the Detroit Boat Club. He was a director of the Detroit Iron and Steel Company and advising director of the Security Trust Company. He was a republican and an Episcopalian. He enjoyed his recreation gardening on his summer estate at Kingsville, Ontario, Canada, where he spent about twenty
summers, and in driving his selected teams of coach horses.

On September 19, 1888, Mr. Eaton married Miss Eliza Walton Clark of Albany, New York, daughter of Rev. Rufus Wheelwright Clark, D. D., and Mrs. Clark, who was Eliza Walton. Mr. and Mrs. Eaton were married in Glenside Park, Murray Hill, New Jersey, by the latter’s brother, Rev. William Walton Clark of Brooklyn, New York: Their children were: Theodore H. Eaton, Jr., born June 22, 1889, and who died May 5, 1891; Margaret Montgomery, born May 9, 1892, was married April 17, 1920, to John Weeden Grout of New York city, formerly of Detroit; and Berrien Clark Eaton, born August 3, 1893, who married in Chicago, August 15, 1917, Miss Gladys Hambleton. Two grandchildren of Mr. Eaton are living, Berrien Clark Eaton, Jr., born February 12, 1919, in Chicago, and Margaret Louise Grout, born April 8, 1921, in New York.

The City of Detroit, Michigan, 1701-1922, Vol. 3, edited by Clarence Monroe Burton, William Stocking, Gordon K. Miller, The S.J. Clarke Publishing Co, Detroit-Chicago, 1922, pp 193-194

Burial: Elmwood Cemetery

Detroit Wayne County Michigan, USA

Plot: Section I

 

Henry Porter Baldwin

Henry Porter Baldwin

Henry P. Baldwin

A wealthy businessman and banker, Henry Porter Baldwin served two terms as Governor of Michigan and became the fourth Governor to become a U. S. Senator.
Baldwin was born in Coventry, Rhode Island in 1814. He was orphaned at the age of 12 yet he was a clerk in a mercantile establishment. He went into business for himself in 1834 at the age of 20. In 1835, he married Harriet M. Day. He later married Sibyle Lambard (1866) and they had seven children

The Baldwin’s moved to Detroit in 1838. He established a successful shoe manufacturing business. He later became a banker and manufactured chewing tobacco. Both Mr. And Mrs. Baldwin were active in the community, giving both their resources and time to charitable and cultural activities.

Baldwin was an active Republican and was elected to the state Senate from Wayne County in 1861. In 1868, he was elected Governor and was re-elected in 1870. During the second term as Governor, a devastating fire swept across Michigan from Holland and Manistee on Lake Michigan to the Saginaw Bay and the Thumb Area. Thousands of people were left homeless and destitute. A relief fund of over $450,000 was raised and Baldwin’s personal contribution was over one-third.

Upon completing his second term as Governor on January 1, 1873, Baldwin retired to private life. After the death of U. S. Senator Zachariah Chandler in 1879, he was appointed by Governor Croswell to fill the vacancy. He was unsuccessful in his 1881 bid for election to the Senate seat. Baldwin, who was an easygoing and generous man, died on New Year’s Eve in 1893.


Resolutions of St Paul’s Church Detroit January 2nd 1893

At the regular meeting of the rector wardens and vestrymen of St Paul’s Church in the City of Detroit held January 2nd 1893 the following minute was made and entered upon the records.

It is with great sorrow that we have heard of the death of the Hon Henry P. Baldwin which occurred on December 31st 1892 and we desire hereby to express our high estimate of his character and usefulness during the many years that he has lived in this city. Since 1838 he has been a communicant of the Protestant Episcopal Church of Michigan and from 1843 to 1859 he was a member of the Vestry of St Paul’s Church.  His was a rare example of beneficence integrity and devotion to his Church.  His interest in everything which had to do with the welfare of his fellow men has entitled him to a measure of honor and affection seldom equalled.  To Mrs Baldwin and the members of his family we send our words of deep sympathy as well as our tribute of gratitude and regard

Rufus W Clark Rector
Justin E Emerson Secretary


 

Born: February 22, 1814
Died: December 31, 1893
Buried: Elmwood Cemetery, Section B, Lot 9

Major John Biddle

Major John Biddle

Major John Biddle

John Biddle was born in Philadelphia in March 1792 to a prominent American family. He was the son of Charles Biddle, Vice President of Pennsylvania during the Revolutionary War and nephew of Commodore Nicholas Biddle who later became President of the United States Bank. A brother, Major Thomas Biddle, served in the U. S. Army and another brother, Commodore James Biddle, was a noted Naval officer.

A few years after graduation from Princeton College, John Biddle entered the United States Army, serving for most of the War of 1812 in the Niagara Frontier under General Scott. He was promoted from Captain of Artillery to Major. While in the military, he was assigned to Fort Shelby in Detroit as Commander. In 1821, Biddle left the Army and was appointed Indian Agent at Green Bay.

After returning to the East and finding a bride, Eliza F. Bradish of New York, John Biddle began the political phase of his life becoming prominent in affairs connected with the Territory, the State of Michigan and the City of Detroit. His political accomplishments were impressive. In 1820, he was appointed Associate Justice of County Court, Judge of Probate and Brown County Commissioner. From 1823 to 1837, he served as Register of the Land Office for the District of Detroit, selling farms and lots to new arrivals. From 1827 to 1828, he served as the Mayor of the City of Detroit. From 1829 through 1831, he was the Territorial Delegate to Congress from the State of Michigan. In 1835, he was a member of the Constitutional Convention and President of the first State Constitutional Convention. In 1841, he served in the State Legislature.

In addition to his military and political achievements, Biddle was a civic and cultural community leader. In 1835, he was elected President of the Detroit-St. Joseph Railroad which later became Michigan Central Railroad. Three years later, he became the first President of Farmers’ and Mechanics’ Bank having served as Director from 1829 through 1838.

Biddle displayed an interest in the general religious and philanthropic reforms of his time. He was a member and vestryman of St. Paul’s Episcopal Cathedral and became personally responsible for the expense of St. Paul’s first building. He helped organize the Episcopal Church Society in Detroit on March 8, 1825 and, on November 3, 1830, was elected Vice President of the County Bible Society which distributed Bibles and Testaments.

On July 15, 1831, he was elected Vice President of the Detroit Athenaeum which was established as a club reading room. His was the first name on a notice list of the Association for Promoting Female Education in the City of Detroit (December 4, 1834) and elected as a Trustee of the University of Michigan, an “English Classical School”. The Historical Society of Michigan was organized on July 3, 1828 at Mansion House and Biddle was asked to be the first Vice President (1828–1837). In 1837, he was elected President of the Society. His lecture of September 15, 1830 can be found in the book “Historical and Scientific Sketches of Michigan”. Biddle helped organize and participated in plays which were given in an amateur theater located in the upper part of a large brick storefront at the foot of Wayne Street.

For the people of southeastern Michigan, this man of so many accomplishments is perhaps best noted for his connection to the City of Wyandotte. Land on which the Village of Maquaqua had previously been located was auctioned off in 1818. Biddle acquired 2,200 acres and proceeded to construct his summer estate where he could retreat from Detroit and entertain. The buildings were completed in 1835 and the estate was named “The Wyandotte” after the Indian tribe that had lived on the land. The family moved there from Detroit a year later.

The white colonial-style home was built on the corner of Vinewood and Biddle on the land presently occupied by the McNichol-Ford House (Wyandotte Historical Museum). The front lawn, filled with flowers, went to the road running along the riverbank. It is reported that runaway slaves escaping to Canada and Wyandotte Indians were used for farm labor.

A lack of interest in farming led to the sale of “The Wyandotte” and Major Biddle and his wife left the area to return to his old home in Philadelphia. The property was sold for $44,000 in 1853 to Eber Ward of Eureka Iron and developed into the town of Wyandotte. The house was used as a hotel (some accounts say used as a carriage stop) for the workingmen of the village. A fire partially destroyed the house in 1860. It was moved in 1896 to its present location at 2114 Biddle, the second house south of Spruce. Some changes were made but many original beams and structural details remain.

After selling the property, Biddle went to Paris for a retirement vacation. His wife’s ill health prompted a trip to White Sulphur Springs, Virginia in 1859. He died there on August 25, 1859. Survivors were listed as four “recorded” children: William S., Major James, Edward J. and Margaretta.

Born: 1792
Died: 1859
Buried: Elmwood Cemetery, Section F, Lot 47

The Radio Cathedral

The Wireless Age, Volume 10, October 1922

Embarking Upon a Great Missionary Enterprise in the Radio: Broadcasting of the Gospel on a Scale That Would Have Astonished the Old-Time Apostles By R. E. Flynn

The service was over. The large congregation slowly walked out of the Cathedral as the last notes of the recessional hymn were heard from the choristers, marching away in the cloister. By the center door of the church stood the man who for over one year has numbered his “flock” in the hundreds of thousands. He was bidding his “visible” friends a kindly good night. As the crowd diminished to nothing he turned to find a young lady waiting at his side, and a pleasant voice inquiring, “Is this Dean Rogers?”

It was he—the Very Rev. Warren L. Rogers, dean of St. Paul’s Episcopal Cathedral, Detroit, whose services have been broadcast by station WWJ for the past year. To the stranger’s question he replied, “Yes, I am he. What can I do for you?”

Then the young lady told her story. “My home is in Highland Park,” she said, “a distance of some four miles from the Cathedral. We have a small radio receiving set at home, and for some time I have been enjoying your services broadcast by station WWJ. Your beautiful service has appealed to me very strongly, but somehow I just could not make up my mind to join the church.

“But tonight,” she continued, “as I listened in, I heard you speak so earnestly of the great work of the church, and received the invitation which you gave to your congregation, both present and ‘listeners in,’ to join the confirmation class which you are just starting, and then I made my decision. So strongly did it appear as my duty to act at once, that I went out to the garage, started my car, and have driven down here tonight to enroll in the confirmation class that you are now forming.”

After making the necessary arrangements, and seeing the young lady start for home, happy, the Dean turned away, a smile of deep satisfaction on his face. He could not help feeling gratified, for his convictions as to the value of the radio in the broadcasting of Divine services once more had been completely vindicated.

For several months following the installation of microphones in the Detroit Cathedral, the Dean was called upon to answer many adverse criticisms. Some said it was not in keeping with the dignity of the church. Others said it cheapened the service to have it broadcast so freely. Still others declared that it would make it much easier for people to remain away from church, and contribute thereby to the growing moral and religious laxity

To all these criticisms the Dean stoutly replied that it is the duty of the church to “preach the Gospel unto every creature.”

From the very first he believed that radio offered a means of reaching a large part of the “unchurched” population of America, and by means of a broad and varied program, such as only a cathedral could provide, to break down many of the modern prejudices of people toward the church.

Perhaps the strongest of these prejudices was based on the seeming lack of co-operation between the different Christian denominations. To combat this, Dean Rogers decided to broadcast proof of such co-operation; more, to allow ministers of other faiths to preach to the radio congregation from his pulpit. Thus it has come about that services have been conducted in the cathedral by a Methodist Bishop; a Jewish Rabbi; ministers from the Presbyterian, Central Christian and Congregational Churches; a Baptist layman; a representative of the International Committee of theYoung Men’s Christian Association; a national figure in the American Prison Reform Movement; an Indian professor of high repute from the University of Baroda in Bombay; and the leading woman preacher of the British Empire. A number of other ministers in his own and other communions have likewise conducted their service from the cathedral.

Following the appearance of each of these men, Dean Rogers received many letters from all parts of the country, expressing commendation of his efforts, and welcoming this move toward promoting a closer bond of fellowship between the churches. Perhaps the greatest single recognition of his work in this respect was his election to the Presidency of the Detroit Council of Churches for the ensuing year.

Conversing with the Dean a few days ago, the writer asked the following question: “After a year’s experience at the microphone, Dean, are you convinced that the radio has proved of any practical benefit to the church in its work?”

His reply was characteristic, quick and decisive. “I am convinced,” said he, “that radio has unquestionably proved a most valuable adjunct to the work of the church. It has enabled us here in the cathedral to embark upon a great missionary enterprise in the broadcasting of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, on a scale that would have astonished the old-time Apostle of our Lord. By it we have been able to reach and help many thousands of non-churchgoers, and it has, therefore, opened the way for the greatest missionary achievements since the time of Christ.

“Numerous examples of the far eaching effects of our radio ministry,” continued the Dean, “have come to me in the form of letters and verbal communications, since I delivered my first message into the microphone one year ago Palm Sunday night.

“One of the first letters I received the following week was from a man living in a Middle Western city, who frankly stated that he had not attended church in over twenty years. The radio enabled us to reach him where nothing else would, and he pledged a renewed interest in the church of his early youth. He sent me five dollars as a pledge of his good faith.

“Two other cases that appealed to me very strongly were those of returned soldiers. One, a member of a prominent club in Chicago, was slowly dying of tuberculosis. The other, living in a large Michigan city, had been badly ‘gassed’ while in action in France, and was in a similar condition. Both of these lads write me frequently that they listen-in every Sunday, and that the Divine Message of the church is proving their only comfort in their dying days. Occasionally, I give them a word of greeting during the course of a service in the cathedral.

“Then there is the case of the clergyman, a former rector of one of our churches in the Diocese of Michigan. For several years this man suffered from a dread disease, which finally necessitated his resignation from his rectorship, and submission to a series of amputations of one limb. A few weeks ago he wrote me a letter, from a. small town in Ohio where he is convalescing, stating that he attends service with the cathedral congregation every Sunday, and expressing his thanks for this wonderful invention that ‘makes it possible for a poor old one-legged parson to go to church.’

“Many other evidences of the great practical benefits of radio in a more general way are apparent to us here in the cathedral,” went on the Dean. “I am certain that the greater interest that is now being manifested in the church is due in no small measure to the radio as a means of appeal to them. “For instance, during the last calendar year, we have had the largest confirmation classes by far in our history, and also the greatest number of baptisms of any previous year. The astonishing fact is, that of 172 persons confirmed in St. Paul’s Cathedral last year, over one-half were persons whose early training was received in communions other than our own. 1 am convinced that radio has proved a great factor in enabling us to widen the scope of our appeal as evidenced by these figures.

“As a further proof of the remarkable field that this wonderful invention has opened for us in doing intense missionary work, I should mention the case of the banker in a small Canadian town, whose church was minus a rector, and who wrote me saying that after ‘listening in’ to some of our services in his home he had finally decided to purchase a receiving set to be installed in the church, so that the members might worship on Sunday with us, even though they were without a minister of their own.

“Just last week I received a letter from one of the clergymen in our Diocese, who has two churches in neighboring towns under his charge. He has installed a receiving set in one of these churches, so that his people may have the privilege of worshiping there, while he is conducting services in the other town. He wrote for our schedule of services.

“From information that I have received I am certain that several other churches, without the services of rectors of their own, are likewise worshiping with us. And this is not confined to our own communion either, for only last summer a Presbyterian church in a Michigan town put in a receiving set and worshiped simultaneously with us, while their pastor was away on his summer’s vacation.

“Of the invalid lady who sits propped up in her bed each Sunday with a receiver at her ear and a prayer book in her hand, worshiping earnestly and effectively with us, or of the many other instances of sick people and shut-ins, who can attend church in no other way, I need say little, for their cases are apparent to anyone.

“Since radio was installed I have not been preaching to empty pews, as some people predicted during the early days of our great experiment. In fact, we have had the largest congregations in our history. Most people like a live church, and I believe this is what appealed to many of them in our case.

“Do you wonder,” concluded Dean Rogers, “that I am enthusiastic about the wonderful possibilities of radio in the broadcasting of Divine services, and that I am convinced that by its means we can effectively follow the command of our Lord ‘to preach the Gospel unto every creature.'”

On Palm Sunday night one year ago, the beautiful tones of the Barbour memorial organ in the cathedral and the triumphant choruses from the throats of the cathedral choristers, 103 voices strong, were sent forth from St. Paul’s Cathedral by WWJ, the Detroit News, for the first time.

The earliest message broadcast from there was in the form of a great cantata, Christopher Marks’ “Victory Divine.” Down through the stretch of a year at the microphone have come echoes of that first great triumph, which in the words of America’s radio Dean can best be described as “the greatest missionary achievement since the time of Jesus Christ.”